Geography: Large vineyard area lies on the Mediterranean coast. The region has Mediterranean climate with lots of sunshine, warm summer, mild winter and low, annual rainfall. Tramontanen (northern wind) brings cool air from the mountains.
Grape varieties: Carignan, Syrah, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Cinsault, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Sauvingon Blanc, Viognier, Grenache Blanc, Bourboulenc, Clairette, Picpoul, Vermentino
Viticulture: Drought is an issue. Bush vines are still common, but the new international varieties are often trained on wires.
Winemaking: The quality of the wines has improved significantly for the last twenty years. Large amount are still made in co-operatives but there are increasing number of small producers.
Appellations: Languedoc AOC, Fitou, Corbières, Limoux, Minervois, St-Chinian, Faugères, Picpoul de Pinet